2006 Canadian clinical practice guidelines on the management and prevention of obesity in adults and children [summary].
|Référence : ||CMAJ. 2007;176(8):S1-13. ( Publiée )|
|Année de parution : ||2007|
|Type de publication : ||Enfant-Adolescent ( Prévention- Politique )|
|Auteur(s) : ||Lau DC, Douketis JD, Morrison KM, Hramiak IM, Sharma AM, Ur E; Obesity Canada Clinical Practice Guidelines Expert Panel.|
Obesity is now reaching epidemic proportions in both developed and developing countries and is affecting not only adults but also children and adolescents. Over the last 20 years, obesity has become the most prevalent nutritional problem in the world, eclipsing undernutrition and infectious disease as the most significant contributor to ill health and mortality. It is a key risk factor for many chronic and noncommunicable diseases.
In Canada, the prevalence of overweight and obesity has increased over recent decades among both children and adults in all areas of the country. According to the most recent estimates from the 2004 Canadian Community Health Survey,1 59% of the adult population is overweight (i.e., body mass index [BMI] 25 kg/m2) and 1 in 4 (23%) is obese (i.e., BMI 30 kg/m2). The sheer numbers of people who are overweight and obese highlight a pressing public health problem that shows no signs of improving in the near future. What is more alarming is the problem of obesity among children and adolescents in Canada, which is advancing at an even more rapid pace than obesity among adults. In 2004, 1 in 4 (26%) Canadian children and adolescents aged 2–17 years was overweight. The obesity rate has increased dramatically in the last 15 years: from 2% to 10% among boys and from 2% to 9% among girls.1,2 This increase is cause for concern, since there is a tendency for obese children to remain obese as adults. Moreover, obesity-related health problems are now occurring at a much earlier age and continue to progress into adulthood. Given the recent temporal obesity trends among children and youth, the prevalence of obesity among adults will likely continue to increase as the current generation of children enters adulthood.
|2006 Canadian clinical practice guidelines on the management and prevention of obesity in adults and children [summary].|